|BC411B||House of Stuart - The Battle of Dunbar, Age of the Stuarts Alternative Postmark||£17.50||Buy Now|
|BC411C||House of Stuart - The Battle of Dunbar Crown House of Stuarts Alternative Postmark||£17.50||Buy Now|
|BC411||House of Stuart - The Battle of Dunbar||£30.00||Limited Availability|
|BC411S||House of Stuart - The Battle of Dunbar, Signed Richard Pasco CBE||£35.00||Buy Now|
Issue Date: 15/06/2010
Issue Name: House of Stuart - The Battle of Dunbar
Producer: Buckingham Covers
Probably the last major battle of the Third English Civil War, which took place on 3rd September 1650. Oliver Cromwell turned defeat into a massive victory and ended any chance that Charles II could win. Featuring a wonderful early picture of the battle, we commemorate the decisive battle of the Third Civil War with this fantastic first day cover.
This cover features a full set of Royal Mail's House of Stuart stamps along with a Dunbar East Lothian, Scotland postmark (15th June, 2010), and is available signed by British actor Richard Pasco CBE.
The Battle of Dunbar
The routing of the Covenanters at Dunbar is regarded as the greatest of Cromwell's victories. Charles II, realising that he had little hope of initiating a Royalist campaign in Ireland, turned to the Scots, who were furious at the presumption of the English Parliament in executing Charles I, who was also King of Scotland. To this end he signed the Treaty of Breda with the Kirk Party of Covenanters, agreeing to the establishment of a Presbyterian government in the Three Kingdoms and was declared the legitimate successor to his father as King.
The New Model Army led by Oliver Cromwell marched north, and the two armies met at Dunbar. The Scots took up a commanding position on Doon Hill on the edge of the Lammermuir Hills overlooking the English encampment at Dunbar. Lord Leven had skillfully manouvred the Covenanter army to block Cromwell's route back to England. Trapped between the sea on one side, the Covenanters' impregnable position on the other, and with the road back to England blockaded, it seemed that Cromwell has no option but to evacuate his troops by sea.
On the morning of 2 September, however, the Covenanters played into the hands of Cromwell by marching down from the commanding heights of Doon Hill. The decision to come down from the hills to attack the English army on level ground was probably taken by the godly committee that accompanied the army. They took up a new defensive position along a stream and settled down to wait for morning. Cromwell saw that there was a weak point and attacked that night, completely routing the Scots. The English Parliament resolved that a special medal should be struck for presentation to all ranks who fought in the battle. The Dunbar medal was the first of its kind for an English army; there was not to be another one until the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.
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A limited number of these covers were genuinely signed by Richard Pasco CBE, British stage, screen and TV actor who's lengthy career has seen him work with the likes of the Old Vic, the Royal Court, the Royal Shakespeare Company and the National Theatre.