Issue Date: 23/09/2014
Issue Name: The Ryder Cup 2014
Producer: Buckingham Covers
The Ryder Cup is now over and we've produced this special golf cover celebrating Europe's third consecutive victory.Our beautiful cover features two stamps from the 1994 Scottish Golf Courses set Featuring an image of a golfer in gold blocking Cancelled with a Gleneagles, Ryder Cup postmark (23rd September, 2014) With a special cachet showing the final scores
There is some controversy about the origins of golf. Evidence of stick and ball games similar to golf date back many centuries, but it is widely accepted that the game we know today developed in Scotland from the 15th Century. In the mid 1400s several acts of parliament were passed banning the game, along with Football, as it was felt that they interfered with archery practice.
The ban was lifted in 1500 and in 1502 King James IV of Scotland began to play. When King James VI ascended to the English throne in 1603, his son Henry, Prince of Wales and his courtiers played golf at Blackheath, London, this would later become the Royal Blackheath Golf club.
The 1700s saw the game gain in popularity and begin to spread, although it was not until the 19th Century that it found international popularity. In 1764 the Old Course at St Andrews reduced its course from 22 holes to 18. Other courses followed suit and this would gradually become the standard format for the game worldwide. In the 1850s Queen Victoria had Balmoral Castle built, and this Royal enthusiasm for Scotland, coupled with improved transport between London and Edinburgh, saw a renewed interest in Scotland and Scottish culture and a boom in Scottish tourism. In 1860 the first Open Championship was played at Prestwick Golf Club. In 1864 a golf course was founded at Westward Ho!, this was the first new club in England since Blackheath. The following year the London Scottish Golf Club was founded on Wimbledon Common.
There were 12 courses in England by 1880, 50 by 1887 and over 1000 by 1914. By the 1890s golf clubs were established in Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, South Africa, America and Singapore. Several European resorts set up courses for the benefit of British visitors.
In 1894 the United States Golf Association was formed and the following year, the first US Amateur Championship and US Open took place at Newport Country Club, Rhode Island.
Golf was featured in the Summer Olympic Games in 1900 and 1904. In 1921 an informal match between Great Britain and the USA took place at The King¹s Course, Gleneagles. This first international challenge match was the forerunner of the Ryder Cup. In 2014 the Ryder Cup tournament is being played at the PGA Centenary Course, Gleneagles and 2016 sees the game return to the Summer Olympics.
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