|BCSP56||Centenary of World War 1 - Armistice 100 Poppy Special||£18.50||Pre Order|
Issue Date: 11/10/2018
Issue Name: Centenary of World War 1 - Armistice 100 Poppy Special
Producer: Buckingham Covers
Our lovely Centenary of World War One cover features each of the five Poppy stamps that have been issued as part of the Great War series between 2014 and 2018. It features a stunning black and white image of the Cenotaph in Whitehall, London along with a Whitehall, London SW1A postmark (11th November, 2018).
On the 11th November 1918, in a railway carriage in the Forest of Compiègne, north of Paris, Germany signed an armistice with the Allied powers, bringing an end to the first world war. The 11th November is known as Armistice Day.
The first Armistice day was held at Buckingham Palace; King George V hosted a Banquet in Honour of the President of the French Republic on the evening of 10 November 1919. The first official Armistice Day events were subsequently held in the grounds of Buckingham Palace on the morning of 11 November 1919.
Today Armistice Day events are focused around the Cenotaph in London. The original Cenotaph was a temporary structure erected for a peace parade following the end of the First World War. It was one of a number of temporary structures created for the London Victory Parade (the Peace Day Parade) which was held on 19 July 1919. It marked the formal end of the First World War following the signing of the Treaty of Versailles on 28 June 1919. A permanent structure replaced the original in 1920 and was designated the United Kingdom’s official national war memorial.
The memorial was unveiled by King George V on 11 November 1920, the second anniversary of the Armistice with Germany. The unveiling ceremony was part of a larger procession bringing the Unknown Warrior to be laid to rest in his tomb in nearby Westminster Abbey. The funeral procession passed the Cenotaph, where the King laid a wreath on the Unknown Warrior’s gun-carriage before unveiling the memorial which was draped in large Union Flags.
Throughout Commonwealth countries, a two-minute silence is observed as part of Armistice Day to remember those who lost their lives in conflict. Held each year on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, the silence coincides with the time in 1918 at which the First World War came to an end.
The silence originated in Cape Town, South Africa where there was a daily Three Minute Pause, initiated by the firing of the noon day gun on Signal Hill. This was established by Cape Town Mayor, Sir Harry Hands, on 14 May 1918, after receiving the news of the death of his son Reginald Hands on 20 April. A Reuters correspondent sent a description of this daily tribute to London and within weeks it had spread through the British Commonwealth. In 1919, South African Sir Percy Fitzpatrick proposed a two-minute silence to Lord Milner. The idea was reviewed and accepted by the War Cabinet on 5 November, and immediately approved by George V.
After the end of World War II most Commonwealth countries moved the majority of their Armistice Day events to the nearest Sunday and officially began to commemorate both World Wars. They adopted the name Remembrance Day or Remembrance Sunday.