|BCN020||250 Years of the First Voyage of Captain Cook Single Stamp Cover, unsigned||£10.95||Buy Now|
Issue Date: 25/08/2018
Issue Name: 250 Years of the First Voyage of Captain Cook Single Stamp Cover
Producer: Buckingham Covers
2018 marks the 250th anniversary of Captain Cook setting sail in one of the greatest voyages of discovery of all time aboard HMS Endeavour with nearly 100 men including astronomers, artists and scientists. This great cover is postmarked with our special Plymouth postmark on the 25th August 2018 (the actual date of the Voyage), with a single Captain Cook stamp from the 16th August 2018 issue.The cover will also have a genuine 1968 Captain Cook stamp and special cachet.
Captain Cook's Three Pacific Voyages
Captain James Cook (27th November 1728-14th February 1779) was a British explorer and Post-Captain in the Royal Navy. He was also a navigator and cartographer, making detailed maps of Newfoundland as well as mapping the Pacific from the Antarctic to Arctic Circles during his three famous voyages of exploration. These voyages provided the scientists on board – and those back home - with important new information about the Pacific Ocean and the people, plants and animals they encountered on its islands and shores. Cook’s first voyage (1768-1771) was in HMB Endeavour, the aim of which was to observe the Transit of Venus in Tahiti then sail south in search of Terra Australis Incognita. He charted New Zealand and the east coast of New Holland (Australia), sailing home via the Torres Strait, thus settling the question of whether New Holland was joined to New Guinea. This voyage produced remarkable results and another was soon planned. This second voyage (1772-1775) was in a new ship, HMS Resolution, and her sister ship, HMS Adventure, commanded by Tobias Furneaux. Cook took with him Larcum Kendall’s copy of John Harrison’s famous H4 marine chronometer; this worked brilliantly, allowing him for the first time to reliably measure longitude. Cook’s aim was explore and accurately chart the entire Southern Ocean, including the Antarctic, in search of the fabled Southern Continent. Cook made two giant sweeps of the south Pacific, becoming the first person to cross the Antarctic Circle (reaching 70°10’S) and fixing locations of islands including the Marquesas, New Hebrides (Vanuatu), Easter Island, New Caledonia, Norfolk Island, Tonga and some of the Cook Islands.
For Cook’s third and final Pacific voyage (1776-1780), HMS Resolution was accompanied by HMS Discovery, commanded by Charles Clerke. Its aim was to return Pacific Islander “Omai” (Mai) to Tahiti then to search for the Northwest Passage to Asia. After leaving the Tahiti, Cook chanced upon the islands of Hawai’i which he named the “Sandwich Islands” after Lord Sandwich, First Lord of the Admiralty. He landed on the islands of Kauai and Nihau before pushing on north to explore the northwest Pacific coast of America, spending time at Nootka Sound on Vancouver Island before pushing north to Alaska, the Bering Strait and Arctic Ocean, crossing the Arctic Circle before being driven back at 70°41’N by ice. Retreating to the Sandwich Islands, the ships anchored at Kealakekua Bay on the island of Hawai’i on 16th January 1779. Cook had arrived during Makahiki, a festival for the Polynesian deity, Lono, and left a few weeks later to sail north again. However, HMS Resolution sprung a mast and forced their return. Meantime, tensions had begun to arise between the explorers and the islanders, leading to the death of Cook, four marines and many more Hawai’ians.
Why not join our Maritime Club? Click here for more details