|BCN016||150th Anniversary of the Birth of Robert Falcon Scott||£10.95||Buy Now|
Issue Date: 06/06/2018
Issue Name: 150th Anniversary of the Birth of Robert Falcon Scott
Producer: Buckingham Covers
This stunning cover celebrates 150 years since the birth of Robert Falcon Scott. Scott was a British Royal Navy Officer and explorer who led two artic expeditions to the Antartic regions. Our cover features an amazing painting of Scott's expedition to the South Pole by James McConnell, and has a single white 1st class ensign flag stamp along with our Plymouth postmark.
Robert Falcon Scott
Robert Falcon Scott was born on 6 June 1868 in Devonport, Plymouth. He became a naval cadet at the age of 13. Scott joined the Royal Navy in 1880 and by 1897 had become a first lieutenant, serving on a number of Royal Navy ships during his naval career. He attracted the notice of the Royal Geographical Society, which appointed him to command the National Antarctic Expedition of 1901- 1904. The expedition - which included Ernest Shackleton - reached further south than anyone before them and Scott returned to Britain a national hero.
He had caught the exploring bug and began to plan an expedition to study the Ross Sea and be the first to reach the South Pole. emabarked the whaling ship Terra Nova and left Cardiff, Wales in June 1910. Scott and 11 others started overland for the pole from Cape Evans on 1 November 1911, following in the wake of the ‘motorised party’ which had left earlier on October 24, equipped with mechanical sledges, ponies and dogs. However, the sledges and ponies could not cope with the conditions and the expedition had to carry on without them, through appalling weather and increasingly tough terrain. In mid December, the dog teams turned back, leaving the rest to face the ascent of the Beardmore Glacier and the polar plateau. By January 1912, only five remained: Scott, E. A. Wilson, H. R. Bowers, L. E. G. Oates, and Edgar Evans. On 17 January, they reached the pole, only to find that a Norwegian party led by Roald Amundsen, had beaten them there by about a month.
They started the 1,500 km journey back but the weather on the return journey was exceptionally bad. Evans died in mid - February at Beardmore. By March, Oates was suffering from severe frostbite and, knowing he was holding back his companions, walked out into the freezing conditions never to be seen again. The remaining three men died of starvation and exposure in their tent on 29 March 1912. They were in fact only 20 km from a pre-arranged supply depot. Eight months later, a search party found the tent, the bodies and Scott’s diary, in which his final entry read, ‘Every day we have been ready to start for our depot 11 miles away but outside the door of the tent it remains a scene of whirling drift.… We shall stick it out to the end, but we are getting weaker, of course, and the end cannot be far. It seems a pity, but I do not think I can write more’, followed by his famous final sentence, ‘for God’s sake look after our people.’
The bodies of Scott and his comapanions were buried under the tent, with a cairn of ice and snow to mark the spot. After his death Scott was regarded as a national hero for his courage and patriotism, and his widow was given the knighthood that would have been conferred on her husband had he lived.
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