Born 1931 in Klerksdorp, Transvaal, Bishop Tutu studied at Johannesburg Bantu High School and later, at the University of South Africa. After three years as a high school teacher he turned to theology and was ordained as a priest in 1960. Between 1962 and 1966, he lived in England, becoming a Master of Theology. He returned to South Africa and taught theology for the next 5 years before coming back to England to work as an assistant director of a theological institute in London. In 1975 he was the first black to be appointed Dean of St. Mary's Cathedral in Johannesburg, a tremendous breakthrough. From 1976 to 1978 he was Bishop of Lesotho, and in 1978 became the first black General Secretary of the South African Council of Churches. Tutu is an honorary doctor of a number of leading universities in the USA, Britain and Germany.
Desmond Tutu has formulated his objective as "a democratic and just society without racial divisions", and has set forward the following points as minimum demands:
1. equal civil rights for all
2. the abolition of South Africa's passport laws
3. a common system of education
4. the cessation of forced deportation from South Africa to the so-called "homelands"
This biography was taken from the Nobel Prize website: http://nobelprize.org