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Countess Mountbatten of Burma

 

The Right Honourable Patricia Edwina Victoria Knatchbull, 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma was born on 14th February 1924. She succeedded her father, the 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, when he was assassinated in 1979. This inheritance put her in the House of Lords, where she remained until 1999, when the House of Lords Act 1999 removed most hereditary peers from the house.

She was married on 26th October 1946 to John Knatchbull, 7th Baron Brabourne. They had 5 sons and 2 daughters, the youngest sons being the twins Nicholas Knatchbull (18 November 1964 - 27 August 1979) and Timothy Knatchbull (18 November 1964 -). The elder of these twins, Nicholas Knatchbull, was one of the victims of the assassination of her father. Her eldest son is Norton Knatchbull, Lord Romsey.

Lady Mountbatten of Burma is the Patron of SOS Children's Villages UK, the world's largest orphan charity. She is also a Dame of the order of St John.

Lord Louis Mountbatten was born under the name Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Battenberg on 25th June 1900. He joined the Royal Navy at 13 and went to the Royal Naval College. It was in October of 1943 that Winston Churchill gave Mountbatten the position of Head of Southeast Asia Command. It was there that he planned and directed the freedom of Burma and Singapore from the Japanese Army. British Forces had held their ground against the Japanese encirclement tactics and continued to fight through the rainy season in order to prevent the Japanese from regrouping. This strategy turned the tide for Britain in that war. Also, he created the Medical Advisory Division that worked to reduce the malaria sick rate among soldiers.Aided by these two developments, General Slim & Mountbatten pushed the Japanese out of Burma with victories at Meiktila and Mandalay, and they eventually entered Rangoon unopposed in May 1945.

The Burma Star Association was officially founded on 26th Febriuary 1951 with 2000 founder members. The broad aims of the Association were to promote the comradeship experienced during the bitter fighting in the jungles of Burma, and to set up a welfare organisation so that members and widows in need can be given poverty assistance in times of ill health or other debilitating circumstances. Earl Mountbatten of Burma was the Association's first patron, amd held this position until his tragic death in 1979. His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh succeeded him and Countess Mountbatten of Burma became Vice Patron.