Raphael Maklouf was born 10th December 1937 and is a sculptor, best know for designing the effigy of Queen Elizabeth II used on the coins of many British and Commonwealth nations.
Raphael was born in Jerusalem. He attended the Camberwell School of Art until 1958, afterwards becoming an academic lecturer for ten years. He was made an Associate of the Royal Society of British Sculptors in 1979 and fellow of the University of the Arts London in 2009.
Two of his designs were selected for British coinage on 8 August 1984, one for general ciculation and another for commemorative issues. They were used on the coins of several countries from 1985 to 1997. He is additionally known for his sculptural design representing the fifteen Stations of the Cross in Brentwood Cathedral. Currently he is Chairman of the Tower Mint Ltd.